Satyendar Jain
About Homeopathy
Origin And Growth
Development Of Homeopathy
About Homeopathy

Homoeopathy is a holistic, logical and philosophical system of individualistic drug therapeutics, based on well proved scientific principles, especially the Law of Similars. It has the potentiality to cure in all those cases that have not amassed irreversible patho-physiological changes; in the latter condition, it induces a long lasting relief.

Dr. Samuel Hahnemann This therapeutic system of Medicine was introduced by SAMUEL HAHNEMANN (1755-1843), a renowned German Physician, more than 200 years ago and is most widespread in Indian Sub-continent. Its effectiveness in many challenging problems is the only reason of its existence today.

The cardinal principle of homoeopathy ‘Similia Similibus Curentur’ (Latin) which is more popularly known as the Law of similars, means - Let like be treated by likes. It signifies a system of treatment in which the prescription is based on the similarity of symptoms of the patient, to those of a drug substance from the Homoeopathic Materia Medica. Similarity includes the similarity of not only the presenting complaints, but also of their modalities, constitution, temperament, exciting & fundamental causes as well. It refrains from including the similarity of remedy with a nosological diagnosis.

This principle has existed in medical literature since time immemorial :

  • The ancient Hindu physicians had, in fact recognized the "Law of Similars" as one of the principles of treatment: "Vishasya Vishmoshadhi" proclaims Sanskrit saying
  • The Delphic Oracle (8th Century BC) proclaimed, “That which makes sick shall heal”.
  • Hippocrates (460-370 BC) wrote, “Through the like, disease is produced, and through the application of the like it is cured”.
  • Numerous renowned physicians in their times, are known to have used the Law of Similars in their practice: Nicander of Colophon (2nd Centur Xenocrates of Chalcedon (396-314 BC), of the Greek schools; Marcus Terentius Varro (116-27 BC), Quintus Sammonicus Serenus (2nd-3rd Century AD), Celsus (2nd Century AD) and Claudius Galen (129– circa 200 or 216 AD) of the Roman schools; Basil Valentine (circa 15th Century); Paracelsus (1493-1541), Georg Ernst Stahl (1660-1734), Georg Christoph Detharding (1699-1784), Anton baron von Störck (1731-1803) etc.
  • The "Father of Modern Immunology," Dr. Emil Adolph Von Behring, openly pointed out the origins of immunisation by declaring, "By what technical term could we more appropriately speak of this influence than by Hahnemann's word "homoeopathy." (Modern Phthiso-genetic and Phthisio-therapeutic Problems in Historical Illumination, Section V, New York, 1906.)

1) Law of Simplex - Only one single, medicine must be used at a time and there is no scope of polypharmacy. In the holistic view of life- seeing the entire being as a single unit, as opposed to the Cartesian view of life, this approach of homeopathy appears logical. Whenever a drug is administered to an individual through oral route, injection or spray then it affects, the tissues, blood stream and through that the entire human organism, not just a specific organ system. Let us take any allopathic drug, if we assume that it will only affect the respective part of body only under treatment then we are grossly neglecting our knowledge of physiology. A casual glance at the side effects (or primary effects??) of this drug shows the influence of this drug on the other parts of human body.
2) Law of Minimum - The dose should be minimum; to stimulate the human organism & to produce perceptible change & it varies in each person. Pharmacology has known ‘Arndt-Schulz rule’ for a long time, according to which, weak stimuli accelerate vital processes, moderate promote and strong ones suppress it. Lately the phenomena of ‘Hormesis’ has generated interest and at the same time given credibility to the micro-doses used in homoeopathy by proving that the effect of small doses is opposite to that of large doses.
3) Principle of Drug-proving- As opposed to animal experimentation, homoeopathy stresses upon human experimentation and Albrecht von Haller (1708-1777) had already conveyed this idea prior to Hahnemann. The precise therapeutic properties of a drug are observed after it is administered to a good number of healthy individuals of both the sexes (experimentally), in minute doses & the symptoms are recorded. During drug proving gross pathological conditions are not allowed to develop, but all the signs and symptoms and states prior to them build up. These are then recorded and form the back-bone of Materia Medica. This is the reason why none of the homoeopathic medicines has ever been banned, as the effects of the medicines are pre-tested safely. One of the most demonstrable flaws of animal experimentation was Thalidomide: the drug was declared harmless (non-toxic) as the animals showed no side effects and even outrageously high doses did not kill rodents, rabbits, cats, or dogs. Thus approved to be prescribed in humans, thousands of families across the globe faced disastrous consequences. Also the fine symptoms that a homoeopathic physician looks for in a patient: mental and emotional symptoms, precise subjective sensations, modalities etc., will not be available in animal experimentation.
4) Principle of Drug-dynamisation - The medicines are not prescribed on physiological dose, but potentised medicines are used to cure diseased individuals. Dr. Stuart Close writes, "Homeopathic potentisation is a mathematico-mechanical process for the reduction, according to scale, of crude, inert or poisonous medicinal substances to a state of physical solubility, physiological assimilability and therapeutic activity and harmless, for use as homeopathic healing remedies." Prof. Dr. Rati Ram Sharma has demonstrated in controlled animal experiments on Alloxan induced diabetes in rats and DMBA (Dimethyl-benz-anthracine) induced toxicity & cancer in mice that the dynamised 20m (equivalent to 30c) potency of the disease-causing chemical was curative but non-dynamised simple dilution of the same extent had no effect.
5) Principle of Chronic diseases - Hahnemann writes in Aphorism 78 of 6th edition of Organon, “The true natural chronic diseases are those that arise from a chronic miasm (From Greek Miasma meaning Fault or Taint, and may be inherited or acquired), which when left to themselves, and unchecked by the employment of those remedies that are specific for them, always go on increasing and growing worse, notwithstanding the best mental and corporeal regimen, and torment the patient to the end of his life with ever aggravated sufferings…...” All those diseases occurring due to faulty lifestyles, unhealthy environment or various medications (Iatrogenic diseases) are not a part of this group of diseases. Homoeopathy considers chronic diseases to be a faulty functioning of the vital force under the influence of chronic miasm, due to which series of illnesses/ symptom complexes develop and can be cured only with a constitutional (anti-miasmatic) remedy.
6) Principle of Vital Force - Homoeopathy believes in the existence of a force, which animates the human organism & the harmonious functioning of the body is because of its equilibrium. Practically Kirlian Photography has explained and shown the presence of this very bio-dynamic or bioelectric field, unique to each individual, which also varies in conditions or diseases.

Belief in the existence of a living force is primeval and remains widespread. Called Prana by the Hindus, Chi by the Chinese, and Ki by the Japanese, it is the source of life that is often associated with soul, spirit, and mind. In ancient times the soul was identified with breath, which the Hebrews called Ruach, the Greeks Psyche or Pneuma (the breath of the gods), and the Romans Spiritus. Ancient Greek philosopher Posidonius (135-51 BC) postulated a "vital force" emanated by the sun to all living creatures on the earth's surface. Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) introduced a similar concept of the will-to-live. Influenced by his line of thought, in the 20th Century Henri Bergson coined the term Élan vital, and introduced it in his book Creative Evolution (1907), which was translated in the English edition as "vital impetus" (his detractors name it "vital force"). It is a hypothetical explanation for evolution and development of organisms, which Bergson linked closely with consciousness

Health is the balanced state of body & mind of an individual maintaining equilibrium within itself and its environment. During health, one has normal sensations & functions because both body & mind work in a harmonious way (homeostasis). Human being comprises multidimensional levels - physical, mental, emotional, spiritual & social, and even a slight disturbance at any of these levels cause ripples of effect, to flow in any direction.
Some authors define health as being absence of disease (Dis + ease). Phenomenologically health and disease are not separate absolute entities rather relative states of the body
As life is never static, rather constantly moving (thus we say in homoeopathy, dynamic) homeopathy views any disease not as a static or separate entity rather as an evolutionary phenomenon. The process of disease formation begins at the dynamic level (miasmatically deranged vital force) and follows through functional & structural state of degeneration. Modern patho-physiology also understands the disease to progress through the stages of altered sensation, followed by altered function and finally structural changes develop.
Homoeopathic Medicines offer support to the body’s natural defensive mechanism & cure the disease permanently. The entire body must be treated so that it can do its own correction of metabolism & re-establishing natural function.
Homoeopathy has its limitations, like other Systems of Medicine; the response in Homoeopathy depends upon Remedy image clarity, Defensive mechanism of the body, Type and extent of disease & Prior treatments patient has taken. The effectiveness of Homoeopathic treatment is a highly individualized matter & multiple factors are contributing.
Especially, in the times where physicians are moving towards specialisation and super-specialisation (seeing more and more of less and less!) homoeopathy prides itself with being the flag bearer of holistic approach. As was said famously by Aristotle, ‘The whole is more than the sum of the parts.’ With the emergence of Systems thinking and philosophy, our holistic view of life (and disease) has just got another boost

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 Last Updated : 23 Mar,2014