1800-1900

Chawri Bazaar
Chunnamal Haveli
Khooni Darwaza
Lutyen's Delhi


Chawri Bazaar


To the west of Jama Masjid in Delhi, the specialized wholesale market of brass, copper and paper products, popularly known as Chawri Bazaar. It can be reached by taking the street just near the middle projection of Jama Masjid's western wall. Once popularly known for its bewitching dancing girls in the 19th century, the street is named after a Marathi word 'chawri', which means meeting place. A second reason is probably that a gathering used to get organized when a respected dancer performed and showed the finer nuances of her skill. The whole ambience of the street however got changed after the 1857 war when British destroyed many huge mansions of the nobles. Built of Lakhori bricks, a small canon is placed over the gateways of both the buildings. Today, Chawri Bazaar is a very busy road as laborers with their laden backs, cars, rickshaws, scooters and walkers almost battle for the passage during the peak market hours. However, at present Chawri Bazar is more known as the wholesale market of paper products than copper or brass. From beautiful wedding cards to attractive wallpapers to nice greetings to any types of papers required for any use, everything is available here in retail as well as in wholesale. Though the whole process is very exhausting but it will be a day to remember, as you will definitely enjoy it. It stood just outside the walled city of Delhi outside the Ajmeri Gate, close to the New Delhi railway station. Chawri Bazar is a road which have Jama Masjid on one end and Hauz Qazi on the other end. Now there is a metro station at Hauz Qazi by the name of Chawri Bazar. Nai Sarak which is famous for Books and Ladies Garments joins it at Bad-shah Bulla. Besides Nai Sarak there is another way through Ballimaran which connects chawri bazar to chandni chowk.


Chunnamal Haveli


Rai Lala Chunnamal ki is the only well-preserved haveli in the walled city of old Delhi in the Chandni Chowk area. Lala Chunnamal and his family were Khatri merchants of brocade and textiles during the Mughal period. When the first municipality for Delhi was formed in 1862, Lala Chunnamal was appointed Municipal Commissioner. After the 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857, Lala Chunnamal emerged as the the wealthiest person in Delhi. Mirza Ghalib lamented on the plight of Muslims after the Ghadar, envying the illuminated mansion of Chunnamal. Chunnamal was the first person in Delhi to acquire an automobile and a phone. The British had auctioned the Fatehpuri Masjid after the 1857 war to Lala Chunnamal for Rs. 19,000, who preserved the mosque. Later in 1877 it was acquired by the government in exchange for four villages and was restored to the Muslims at the Delhi Darbar when the British allowed the Muslims back in Old Delhi. A similar mosque build by the Akbarabadi begum was destroyed by the British. Rai Lala Chunnamal's haveli in Katra Nil section of Chandni Chowk is spread over one acre, with 128 rooms is built on the three floors. The tenth generation of the Chunnamal family currently lives in it. It is surrounded by 139 shops. An inscription on the drawing room wall states that it was built in 1848. Parts of it were built in 1864. One of the Chunnamal's family’s current generation is Anil Pershad, who is used to curious tourists. From the terrace one can catch a panoramic view of Chandni Chowk. Inside, some of the the furnished room with old Belgium mirrors and chandeliers with sockets for candles, carefully preserve the past. A corner is devoted to photographs of visiting celebrities, including actor Kate Winslet.


Khooni Darwaza


Khooni Darwaza, also referred to as Lal Darwaza (Red Gate), is located near Delhi Gate, on the Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg in Delhi, India. It is one of the 13 surviving gates in Delhi. It was just south of the fortified Old Delhi constructed by Sher Shah Suri. Khooni Darwaza was situated on an open tract of land before the rise of modern buildings around it. It lies today on the Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg opposite the Feroz Shah Kotla cricket ground, which lies to its east. To the west is the entrance to the Maulana Azad Medical College. It lies about half a kilometre to the south of the Delhi Gate of Old Delhi.


Lutyen's Delhi

Lutyens' Delhi is an area in Delhi, specifically New Delhi, India, named after the leading British architect Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944), who was responsible for much of the architectural design and building here when India was part of the British Empire. Lutyens laid out the central administrative area of the city. At the heart of the city was the impressive Rashtrapati Bhawan, formerly known as Viceroy's House, located on the top of Raisina Hill. The Rajpath, also known as King's Way, connects India Gate to Rashtrapati Bhawan, while Janpath which crosses it at right angle connects South end road with Connaught Place. The Secretariat Building, which house various ministries of the Government of India including Prime Minister of India office (PMO), are beside theRashtrapati Bhawan and were designed by Herbert Baker. Also designed by Baker was the Parliament House, and is located on the Sansad Marg, running parallel with the Rajpath. Other architects designed other buildings such as the Anglican and Catholic cathedrals.

Sansad Bhavan

The Parliament Houseis a circular building designed by the British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912–1913. Construction began in 1921, and in 1927 the building was opened as the home of the Council of State, the Central Legislative Assembly and the Chamber of Princes. The roof of the outer circle of the structure is supported by 144 granite pillars. The Houses are located on Janpath, close to the former Viceroy's House (Rashtrapati Bhavan). It can also be seen from the India Gate. The former Chamber of Princes was home to the Supreme Court of India until 1958. The Foundation stone of Parliament House was laid on the 12th February,1921 by H.R.H. The Duke of Connaught. The construction of the building took six years and the opening ceremony was performed on the 18th January,1927 by the then Governor-General of India, Lord Irwin. The cost of construction was Rs 83 lakhs. Architectural Design apart from the fact that the building was built with indigenous material and by Indian labour, the architecture of the building bears a close imprint of the Indian tradition. The layout of fountains both inside and outside the building, the use of Indian symbols the "Chhajjas" which shade the walls and windows and the varied forms of "Jali" in marble are reminders of the story of the craftsmanship displayed in ancient monuments and memorials. With the ancient features of Indian art are mingled modern scientific achievements in acoustics, air-conditioning, simultaneous Interpretation and Automatic Voting etc.

India Gate

The India Gate is the national monument of India. It is one of the largest war memorials in India. Situated in the heart of New Delhi, India Gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. Originally known as All India War Memorial, it is a prominent landmark in Delhi and commemorates the 90,000 soldiers of the erstwhile British Indian Army who lost their lives fighting for theIndian Empire, or more correctly British Empire in India British Raj in World War I and the Afghan Wars. Originally, a Statue of King George V had stood under the now-vacant canopy in front of the India Gate, and was removed toCoronation Park with other statues. Following India's independence, India Gate became the site of the Indian Army's Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, known as the Amar Jawan Jyoti. Standing right behind the gate is an empty canopy, also designed by Lutyens, and inspired by a 18th century Mahabalipurampavilion, that till Independence of India in 1947 had the statue of King George V, which now stands in the Coronation Park, Delhi. The names of Param Veer Chakra Gallantry Award winners are also mentioned on India Gate. The 42-metre tall India Gate is situated such that many important roads spread out from it. Traffic passing around India Gate used to be continuous till the roads were closed to the public due to terrorist threats. The lawns around Rajpath are thronged by people during the evening, when the India Gate is lit up.
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Last Updated : 23 Mar,2014