Introduction
Agriculture and Rural Development
Demographic Profile
Education
Employment and Unemployment
Energy
Environmental Concerns
Health
Industrial Development
Plan Outlays
Price Trends
Public Distribution System
Public Finance
Social Welfare
State Income
Trade and Commerce
Transport
Urban Development
Water Supply and Sanitation
Welfare of SC ST OBC
Welfare of SC/ST/OBC

ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI
1999 - 2000
(March 2000)


CHAPTER 18

WELFARE OF SC/ST/OBC

1. According to the 1991 census, the scheduled caste (SC) population of Delhi was 17.95 lakh, which is 19.05% of Delhi's total population of 94.21 lakh. At the national level, the SC population comprises 16.48% of the total population (Table 18.1). According to census records, there is no scheduled tribe (ST) population in Delhi, as none of the tribes are notified in the city. So far, the Delhi Backward Classes (DBC) Commission of Delhi has notified 53 castes as Other Backward Classes (OBC) in Delhi but no authentic estimate is available regarding the OBC population in Delhi.

2. The SC population of Delhi is predominantly urban and only 11.58% lives in the rural areas. This coincides with the rural-urban population ratio of Delhi. While the rural SC population as a percentage of the total rural population of Delhi in 1991 was 21.89%, the urban SC population as a percentage of the total urban population of Delhi was 18.73%. The rural-urban SC population vis-a-vis the total population of Delhi between 1951 and 1991 is given in Table 18.2 and the decennial growth rate of Delhi's population vis-a-vis the SC population from 1961 to 1991 is given in Table 18.3. The growth rate of Delhi's population remained between 51% and 53% during 1961-91 while the growth rate of the SC population in Delhi during this period was between 60% and 86%.

3. The literacy rate of the SC population versus the Delhi literacy rate is shown in Table 18.4. The data reveal that the literacy rate of the SC population has steadily increased from 20.86% in 1961 to 57.60% in 1991. Although the SC literacy rate in 1991 was below Delhi's literacy rate of 75.29%, it remains above the national literacy rate of 52.11%.

4. The Delhi workforce of 29.80 lakh people in 1991 includes 5.22 lakh SC persons, which is 17.49% of the total workforce. In Delhi, 31.64% of the population is employed; of the SC population of 17.95 lakh, 29% is employed. Table 18.5 shows the sectoral distribution of SC workers. According to the 1991 census, 60% were engaged in the tertiary sector, 37% in the secondary sector and only 3% in the primary sector.

Education Programmes

5. Various educational schemes have been introduced for the benefit of SC students in Delhi. 2900 students were benefited under various scholarship schemes in 1998-99. About 40,000 school students were provided free books and stationery and 406 medical and engineering students studying in professional colleges benefited through Book Bank Scheme in 1998-99. Tuition fees were reimbursed to about 1,700 polytechnic students. Hostel facilities were also given to 100 boys and 36 girls during 1998-99.

Economic Upliftment Programmes

6. The Delhi Scheduled Caste Financial and Development Corporation (DSCFDC) has been set up to promote self-employment opportunities for the SC population. In 1998-99, about 1,798 SC people were provided financial assistance in the form of margin money loans at 4% interest per annum. Unemployed SC youths are being given three months training in various ITIs as gas welders, plumbers and scooter mechanics to help them to start their own ventures. A Computerized Footwear Design Centre, established in collaboration with UNDP, provides assistance to leather artisans.

Rehabilitation Programmes

7. According to a survey conducted by the Delhi School of Social Work in 1997, there are about 1.39 lakh dry latrines in Delhi with 7,961 scavengers engaged in the profession. In 1998-99, under the Liberation and Rehabilitation of Scavengers scheme, 203 scavengers were rehabilitated through training and 1,786 scavengers were given financial assistance for self-employment.

General Welfare Programmes

8. There are several other schemes for the benefit of the SC population. Widows are given a financial grant of Rs. 5,000 for their daughter's marriage. Dhobi ghats are being developed through the MCD and NDMC. Financial assistance is given to orphaned girls for their marriage, to economically poor SC parents on the birth of a daughter and to OBCs for their upliftment through DSCFDC. In addition, SCs in rural and urban areas receive housing subsidies.


Table 18.1
SCHEDULED CASTES AND SCHEDULED TRIBES POPULATION
1991 CENSUS - India & States


S.No. States/ Union Territories Scheduled Caste(SC) (Lakh) % S.C. Population to total Population Scheduled Tribe (ST) (Lakh) % ST Population to total Population
1 2 3 4 5 6
INDIA(*) 1382.23 16.48 677.58 8.08
States:
1. Andhra Pradesh 105.92 15.93 41.99 6.31
2. Arunachal Pradesh 0.04 0.47 5.50 63.66
3. Assam 16.59 7.40 28.74 12.83
4. Bihar 125.72 14.56 66.17 7.66
5. Goa 0.24 2.08 N 0.03
6. Gujarat 30.60 7.41 61.62 14.92
7. Haryana 32.51 19.75 - 0.00
8. Himachal Pradesh 13.10 25.34 2.18 4.22
9. Karnataka 73.69 16.38 19.16 4.26
10. Kerala 28.87 9.92 3.21 1.10
11. Madhya Pradesh 96.27 14.54 153.99 23.27
12. Maharashtra 87.58 11.10 73.18 9.27
13. Manipur 0.37 2.02 6.32 34.41
14. Meghalaya 0.09 0.51 15.18 85.53
15. Mizoram 0.01 0.10 6.54 94.75
16. Nagaland - 0.00 10.61 87.70
17. Orissa 51.29 16.20 70.32 22.21
18. Punjab 57.43 28.31 - 0.00
19. Rajasthan 76.08 17.29 54.75 12.44
20. Sikkam 0.24 5.93 0.91 22.36
21. Tamil Nadu 107.12 19.18 5.74 1.03
22. Tripura 4.51 16.36 8.53 30.95
23. Uttar Pradesh 292.76 21.04 2.88 0.21
24. West Bengal 160.81 23.62 38.09 5.60
Union Territories:
1. A & N Islands - 0.00 0.27 9.54
2. Chandhigarh 1.06 16.51 - 0.00
3. D & N Haveli 0.03 1.97 1.09 78.99
4. Daman and Diu 0.04 3.83 0.12 11.54
5. Delhi 17.95 19.05 - 0.00
6. Lakshadweep - 0.00 0.48 93.15
7. Pondicherry 1.31 16.25 - 0.00
N = Negligible.
(*) = Excludes Jammu & Kashmir as the 1991 Census has not been conducted.

Source: Census of India, 1991, Series - 1 Final Population Totals, Paper-1 of 1992 Vol-1, Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India.


Table 18.2
RURAL-URBAN SC POPULATION OF DELHI


S.No. Year
Total Population
SC Population

Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 1951 306938 1437134 1744072 63993 144619 208612
2. 1961 299204 2359408 2658612 69312 272243 341555
3. 1971 418675 3647023 4065698 104999 530699 635698
4. 1981 452206 5768200 6220406 104012 1017631 1121643
5. 1991 949019 8471625 9420644 207709 1587127 1794836


Source: Census Hand Book - 1991, Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India.


Table 18.3
DECENNIAL GROWTH OF SC POPULATION IN DELHI

(Per cent)


Year Total Population SC Population
1 2 3
1961 52.44 63.73
1971 52.93 86.12
1981 52.99 76.44
1991 51.45 60.00


Source : Census Hand Book - 1991, Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India.


Table 18.4
LITERACY RATE OF SC POPULATION IN DELHI

(Figures in Percentage)


Sl.No. Year

Literacy rate of Delhi

Literacy rate of SC Population in Delhi



Male Female Total Male Female Total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1. 1951 42.99 32.33 38.36


2. 1961 60.75 42.55 52.75 32.15 6.80 20.86
3. 1971 63.71 47.75 56.61 39.22 14.32 28.15
4. 1981 68.40 53.07 61.54 50.21 25.89 39.30
5. 1991 82.01 66.99 75.29 68.77 43.82 57.60

Source : Census Hand Book - 1991, Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India.


Table 18.5
DISTRIBUTION OF SC WORKFORCE - 1991 CENSUS


Sl.No Industry Number of SC workers Percentage to total SC Workers Total number of Workers Percentage to total Workers
1 2 3 4 5 6
1. Primary Sector




Cultivators, Agriculture




Labourers, Animal Husbandry,




Forestry, Fishing & Mining 16023 3 84557 3
2. Secondary Sector




Manufacturing, Electricity,




Gas, Water supply, Construction 192889 37 730951 25
3. Tertiary Sector Trade and




Commerce, Transport, Storage,




Communication & Other Services 312601 60 2152869 72
` Total 521513 100 2968377 100


(29)
(32)

Total SC Population 1794836
9420644


(100)
(100)
Source : Census Hand Book - 1991, Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India.


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