Introduction
Agriculture and Rural Development
Demographic Profile
Education
Employment and Unemployment
Energy
Environmental Concerns
Health
Industrial Development
Plan Outlays
Price Trends
Public Distribution System
Public Finance
Social Welfare
State Income
Trade and Commerce
Transport
Urban Development
Water Supply and Sanitation
Welfare of SC ST OBC
Education

 
 
(March 2000)
 
CHAPTER 15
 
EDUCATION
 
1. Delhi had 2,301 primary schools, 590 middle schools and 1,412 secondary/senior secondary schools in 1998-99. (Table 15.1). There are 85 colleges for general education, 4 medical colleges, 5 engineering colleges, 2 homoeopathic colleges, one ayurvedic and unani college and one nursing college. Delhi also has four universities, seven deemed universities and one open university.
 
2. Delhi’s literacy rate is higher than the national average. The literacy rate in Delhi rose from 38.4% in 1951 to 75.3% in 1991, while the literacy rate at the national level for the corresponding period rose from 18.3% to 52.2%. According to the 53rd Round of the National Sample Survey, the literacy rate in Delhi was 85% compared to 62% at the national level in 1997. The target of 100% literacy has remained elusive because of the continuous migration into Delhi. The overall picture regarding literacy is indicated in Table 15.2.
 
Investment in Education Sector
 
3. The share of Education Sector in total Plan expenditure of Delhi Government since the Sixth Five-Year Plan is indicated below :
 
STATEMENT 15.1
 
outlay under Education Sector
 
Plan Period Total Plan Expenditure (Rs. in crores) expenditure on Education Sector (Rs. in crores) % of   total Plan   expenditure
Sixth Five-Year Plan 1980-85 1042.07 135.44 12.99
Seventh Five-Year Plan 1985-90 2631.47 222.89 8.47
Eighth Five-Year Plan 1992-97 6208.32 609.18 9.81
Ninth Five-Year Plan 1997-2002 15541.28 1080.75 6.95 (Outlay)
Annual Plan 1997-98 1978.31 188.06 9.51
Annual Plan 1998-99 2052.95 228.97 11.15
Annual Plan 1999-2000 3000.00 332.00 11.07 (Outlay)
 
Elementary Education
 
4. Two major goals of the Ninth Five-Year Plan are free and compulsory elementary education and the eradication of illiteracy. Universalisation of elementary education (UEE) has three aspects: (i) universal access and enrolment (ii) universal education for children up to the age of 14 and (iii) a substantial improvement in the quality of education to allow all children to achieve essential levels of learning. Universalisation of primary education has been included in the Basic Minimum Services Programme.
 
  a) Primary Education
   
  In Delhi, primary education is mainly the responsibility of local bodies — the MCD, NDMC and Delhi Cantonment Board. The Directorate of Education has also introduced primary classes in some existing secondary/senior secondary schools and converted them into composite schools.
   
  The number of primary schools has increased from 1,726 in 1980-81 to 2,301 in 1998-99. Primary school enrolment has increased more than two-fold from 6.68 lakh in 1980-81 to 14.67 lakh in 1998-99. The teacher-pupil ratio in the MCD primary schools is 1:45, while in the schools run by the Directorate of Education, Delhi Government it is 1:47. The dropout rate in MCD primary schools has decreased from 8.33% in 1996-97 to 7.20% in 1997-98. MCD accounts for about 80% of total primary schools and 90% of primary school enrolment.
   
  b) Middle School Education
   
  Education at the middle-school level (class 6-8) comes under elementary education. The number of middle schools in Delhi has increased from 326 in 1980-81 to 590 in 1998-99. Student enrolment has also increased substantially from 3.23 lakh in 1980-81 to 6.23 lakh in 1998-99. The teacher-pupil ratio in Delhi Government middle schools is 1:48.
   
  Secondary and Senior Secondary Education
   
  5. Secondary/senior secondary education in Delhi is mainly provided by the Delhi Government. In 1980-81, Delhi had 704 secondary/senior secondary schools, which increased to 1,412 in 1998-99. Student enrolment also increased from 2.54 lakh in 1980-81 to 13.13 lakh in 1998-99. Because of the space constraint, the majority of these schools run a double shift. (Note: The enrolment figures under this category include enrolment at primary and middle stage in secondary schools).
   
 
   
  Source : Dte. of Education, Government of NCT of Delhi.
   
6. The student enrolment figures and number of school teachers are indicated in Table 15.3 and 15.4.
 
 
Source : Dte. of Education, Government of NCT of Delhi.
 
7. The table below summarises the picture regarding school education over the last two decades :
 
STATEMENT 15.2
 
SCHOOL EDUCATION, 1980-81 TILL 1998-99
 
Enrolment (In lakhs) Number of schools
1980-81 1998-99 1980-81 1998-99
Primary 6.68 14.67 1726 2301
Middle 3.23 6.23 326 590
Secondary 2.54 13.13 704 1412
Total 12.54 34.03 2756 4303
 
Source : Dte. of Education, Government of NCT of Delhi.
 
Gross Enrolment Ratio
 
8. The position regarding Gross Enrolment Ratio is indicated below
 
STATEMENT 15.3
 
GROSS ENROLMENT RATIO IN 1998
 
Classes Projected Population* (In Lakhs) Enrolment   (In lakhs) G.E.R. (%)
Primary (6 – 11 Years) 18.15 14.67 80.83
Middle (12 – 14 years) 8.03 6.23 77.58
Senior Secondary (15 – 18 years) 15.82 13.13 82.99
Overall 42.00 34.03 81.02
 
Source : *Based on 1991 Census Data and projections by Rgistrar General of India.
 
Female Enrolment
 
9. 17.35 lakh girls were enrolled in schools in 1998-99 accounting for 51% of total enrolment, as indicated below :
 
Statement 15.4
 
Student Enrolment in Delhi during 1998-99
 
Classes Boys Girls Total
Pre-Primary 0.69 0.74 1.43
Primary 6.94 6.30 13.24
Middle 2.93 3.30 6.23
Secondary 3.70 4.11 7.81
Senior Secondary 2.42 2.90 5.32
Total 16.68 17.35 34.03
 
Source : Dte. of Education, Govt. of NCT of Delhi
 
Vocational Education
 
10. Under the National Policy on Education, 1986 (revised in 1992), priority has been assigned to vocational education. The target is to enrol 25% of students at the senior secondary level in the vocational stream by 2000. Vocational courses such as engineering and technology, commerce and secretarial practices, home science, health and paramedical services have been introduced at the senior secondary level. The vocational education programme is being implemented in almost 200 government schools and 9,000 students are enrolled. Under the Ninth Five-Year Plan, vocational education programmes have been proposed for 100 more schools.
 
Computer Awareness Programme
 
11. The CLASS Project funded by the Government of India is being implemented in 110 schools to increase computer awareness. From 1997-98, a similar programme is being implemented in 70 more schools from State Plan Funds. These programmes are being continued in the current year.
 
Construction of School Buildings
 
12. Providing infrastructure facilities, particularly school buildings, has been accorded the highest priority under school education. A massive programme has been undertaken in Delhi to replace tented accommodation with pucca school buildings. At present, only 22 Delhi Government schools and 37 MCD schools function in tents mainly due to land disputes.
 
Higher Education
 
13. There are 85 degree colleges in Delhi (Table 15.5). The Delhi Government sponsors 28 of these colleges out of which 12 are fully funded by Delhi Government. In 1998-99 the Delhi Government set up a new university, Indraprastha Vishwavidhyalaya, for the affiliation of new colleges. A new institute named Delhi Institute of Heritage, Research and Management set up in 1998-99 has started undergraduate and post-graduate diploma courses in Heritage Management, Conservation/Preservation of monuments etc. In the current financial year, Master Degree courses in Conservation, Preservation and Heritage Management have been started with intake capacity of 35 in each course.
 
Technical Education
 
14. Delhi has 5 Technical education institutions at the degree/post-graduation level. Nine diploma-level institutions (polytechnics) and 14 certificate-level institutions (ITIs) impart technical education under the administrative control of the Delhi Government. Apart from these government institutions, 46 other institutes are affiliated to the Board of Technical Education (Table 15.6).
 
15. Delhi College of Engineering and Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (NSIT) have moved to their new campuses. A new engineering college for women, the Mahila Institute of Technology, started functioning in 1998-99 at the old NSIT campus at Kashmere Gate. The total intake capacity of technical institutions is given below :
 
Statement 15.5
 
Intake Capacity of technical institutions
 
Institutions Number Total Student Intake
Degree level/post-graduate level 5 1,243
Diploma level 9 2,872
Certificate level (ITI) 14 7,520
 
16. Two state engineering colleges are proposed in the 9th Plan, of which one engineering college for women (MIT) has already been opened. Three new polytechnics and 3 ITIs are also proposed in the Ninth Plan.
 
Table 15.1
NUMBER OF SCHOOLS IN DELHI
 
Year Primary Middle Secondary/ Sr. Secondary Total
1 2 3 4 5
1971-72 1414 402 514 2330
1976-77 1610 362 604 2576
1980-81 1726 326 704 2756
1986-87 1847 351 921 3119
1991-92 2029 502 1178 3709
1996-97 2178 571 1333 4082
1997-98 2201 569 1387 4157
1998-99 2301 590 1412 4303
 
Source : Statistical Abstracts, Dte. of Eco. & Stat. and Dte. of Education, Government of NCT of Delhi.
 
Table 15.2
LITERACY PERCENTAGE - 1991 CENSUS
 
 
Delhi  India
1 2 3
Overall Literacy
Male 82.01 64.13
Female 66.99 39.29
Average 75.29 52.21
    
Rural
Male 78.46 57.87
Female 52.15 30.62
Average 66.90 44.69
    
Urban
Male 82.39 81.09
Female 68.54 64.05
Average 76.18 73.08
   
Scheduled Castes
Male 66.77 49.91
Female 43.82 23.76
Average 57.68 37.41
Source : Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.
 
Table 15.3
STUDENT ENROLMENT IN DELHI SCHOOLS
 
Year Primary Middle Secondary/  Sr. Secondary Total
1 2 3 4 5
1971-72   4.89 2.26   1.59   8.74
1976-77   5.82 2.67   2.04 10.53
1980-81   6.68 3.23   2.54 12.45
1986-87   8.33 4.42   3.30 16.05
1991-92  9.64 5.35   4.02 19.01
1996-97 12.70 5.39 11.36 29.45
1997-98 13.97 5.93 12.49 32.39
1998-99 14.67 6.23 13.13 34.03
 
Source : Statistical Abstracts, Dte. of Education, Government of NCT of Delhi.
 
Table 15.4
 
NUMBER OF SCHOOL TEACHERS
 
Year Primary Schools Middle Schools Secondary/ Senior Secondary Schools Total
1 2 3 4 5
1971-72 14898 4597 21182 40677
1976-77 16590 4316 26432 47338
1981-82 18415 4861 34239 57515
1986-87 18925 6 4928 41983 6583
1991-92 24660 6855 49148 80663
1996-97 28305   38606 66911
1997-98 31135   39321 70456
1998-99 31135   39321 70456
 
Source : Statistical Abstracts, Dte. of Eco. & Stat. and Dte. of Education, Govt. of NCT of Delhi.
 
Table 15.5
 
INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION
 
Year Universities Deemed Universities Institutions of National Importance Colleges
1 2 3 4 5
1976-77 2 2 2 76
1981-82 2 3 2 77
1986-87 2 3 2 79
1991-92 4 5 2 81
1995-96 4 5 2 83
1996-97 4 5 2 83
1997-98 4 5 2 83
1998-99 5 5 2 85
 
Source : Statistical Abstracts, Dte. of Eco. & Stat., Government of NCT of Delhi.
 
Table 15.6
 
TECHNICAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS UNDER DELHI GOVERNMENT
 
Year
  1996-97 1997-98 1998-99
1 2 3 4
I. DEGREE LEVEL INSTITUTIONS
1.No. of institutions 4 4 5
2. Intake capacity 921 933 1243
3. Out-turn 642 696 610
II. DIPLOMA LEVEL INSTITUTIONS
1. No. of Institutions 9 9 9
2. Intake Capacity 2562 2872 2872
3. Out-turn 1641 1895 1873
III. CERTIFICATE LEVEL INSTITUTIONS (ITI’s)
1. No. of Institutions 14 14 14
2. Intake Capacity 7565 7356 7520
3. Out-turn 4053 5203 5604
Source : Dte. of Training & Technical Education, Government of NCT of Delhi.
 
 
Latest News
       
  An Approach to 12th Five Year Plan 2012-17  
 

Appointment of Accounts Officers on re-employment basis for four District Legal Services Authorities, DelhilNew Delhi.
 
 

Automated System of Allotment Govt. of Delhi (e-Awas)
 
 

Cancelation of Notice to Hire Geospatial Advisors
 
 

Category and Circle Wise list of Ration Cards attached to FPS.
 
 

CONTRACTUAL APPOINTMENT OF ASSISTANT PUBLIC PROSECUTORS
 
 

Delhi Geo-Spatial Data Infrastructure Act, 2011
 
 

Forensic Science Laboratry GNCTD Invite EOI for Various Scientific Instruments
 
 

Guideline for Website Seurity
 
 

How to Apply Online Application forms for allottment (PWD)
 

Local Services
 
 
Important Links
 
An Approach to 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17)
Directorate of Economic and Statistics
MPLADS
Pubic Private Partnership
SCSP
 
 Last Updated : 23 Mar,2014