Introduction
Agriculture and Rural Development
Demographic Profile
Education
Employment and Unemployment
Energy
Environmental Concerns
Health
Industrial Development
Plan Outlays
Price Trends
Public Distribution System
Public Finance
Social Welfare
State Income
Trade and Commerce
Transport
Urban Development
Water Supply and Sanitation
Welfare of SC ST OBC
Demographic Profile

ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI
1999 - 2000
(March 2000)


CHAPTER 3
DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE


1. Delhi is the second most populated city in India. (Table 3.1). Since it is the national capital, the biggest trading centre and the largest centre for small industries in north India, it attracts migrants from the neighbouring States and other parts of the country. In 1901, Delhi was a small town with a population of only 0.4 million, which had increased to 9.42 million by 1991. As per the projections of the Registrar General of India, the population of Delhi crossed 10 million in 1993, and is estimated to reach 13.96 million in 2000. The population is projected at 20 million by 2013. (Table 3.2)
2. The annual growth of population in Delhi was the highest (6.628%) during 1941-51 because of the huge settlement of displaced persons from Pakistan after partition in 1947. Since then, the annual growth has been 4.31% during 1961-71 and 4.24% during 1981-91. As per the 1991 census, the annual growth of Delhi’s population during 1981-91 (4.24%) was almost double the national average (2.16%). (Table 3.3). The population of Delhi is estimated to have increased at an average of 5 lakh per annum since 1991.
3. The change in demographic profile of Delhi between 1971-1991 is indicated in table 3.4. The comparative picture for other States (1991) is indicated in table 3.5.

DENSITY

4. At 6352 persons per sq. km., the population density of Delhi was the highest among the States and Union Territories (1991 Census ) but fifth among the major cities, namely Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad (Table 3.1). By the end of the Ninth Five-Year Plan (2002), the density of Delhi will be 10,062 persons per sq. km compared with the projected national density of 313 persons per sq. km. The State-wise population density between 1901 and 1991 is given in table 3.6.

SEX RATIO

5. The sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) in Delhi declined until 1941 but the trend has reversed subsequently. However, according to the 1991 census, the sex ratio in Delhi at 827 is still lower than the all India ratio of 927. Delhi’s sex ratio from 1901 to 1991 along with national comparisons is given in table 3.7.



AGE DISTRIBUTION

6. The age distribution of Delhi’s population between 1961-1991 is shown in table 3.8. The trends indicate that
(i) Population in age group 0-14 has declined significantly from 40.50% in 1961 to 34.73% in 1991.



(ii) Population in age group 15-59 has increased significantly from 55% in 1961 to 60% in 1991.
(iii) Population in age group 60 & above has increased from 4.10% in 1961 to 5.11% in 1991.

FAMILY SIZE

7. As per 1991 census, the average family size is 5.06 persons. The highest number of families i.e. 50% are in the category of 3-5 persons and the lowest 9% in the category of 9 & more persons. The family size in urban areas is 4.99 persons in comparison with rural family size of 5.90 persons. Details are in table 3.9

Literacy

8. The literacy level in Delhi was only 14% in 1931 but rose to 75% in 1991, which is higher than the national literacy rate of 52% for 1991. Male literacy was 82% and female literacy 67% in 1991 (Table 3.10). Based on the 1991 census, Delhi ranks sixth among all States/Union Territories in terms of literacy. The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in its 53rd Round of Socio-Economic Survey found that literacy in Delhi during 1997 was 85% compared to the national literacy level of 62%. According to this survey, the male literacy rate in Delhi during 1997 was 91% and the female rate was 76%, compared to the national literacy rates of 73% for males and 50% for females. Comparative literacy levels for the States and India from 1991 to 1997 are given in table 3.11.

VITAL RATES

9. According to the Civil Registration System, birth and death rates (per thousand population) have been declining in Delhi since 1991. The birth rate of 28.52 per 1000 recorded in 1991 declined to 24.56 per 1000 in 1997. The death rate declined from 6.35 per 1000 in 1991 to 6.05 per 1000 in 1997. Based on birth and death rates, the natural growth in Delhi’s population has declined from 2.21% in 1991 to 1.85% in 1997. The infant mortality rate declined from 32.96 per 1000 live births in 1992 to 25.95 in 1997. Birth, death and infant mortality rates in Delhi from 1991 to 1997 are given in table 3.12.



MIGRATION

10. The estimates of migration into Delhi are based on birth and death rates and total increase in population. The estimates reveal that migration has been steadily increasing since 1991 and is now more than one-and-a-half times the natural growth in population (1:1.55) in 1997. In absolute terms, the natural increase in population during 1991 was 2.11 lakh compared to migration of 1.78 lakh. However, the natural increase reached 2.18 lakh in 1997 whereas migration was estimated at 3.37 lakh. Estimates of migration to Delhi from 1991 to 1997 are given in table 3.13.

State wise migration into Delhi, 1981-91 Census period

1. Uttar Pradesh 49.61% 4. Rajasthan 6.17%
2. Haryana 11.82% 5. Punjab 5.43%
3. Bihar 10.99% 6. West Bengal 2.79%
7. M.P. 2.71% 8. Other States 10.48%

Source : Table 35, State Profile, 1991–India, Registrar General of India.


11. A sample study by the Planning Department revealed that out of total registrants on employment exchanges in Delhi in 1992, 21.5% were migrants from Uttar Pradesh, 9.0% from Haryana, 2.3% from Punjab, 2.7% from Rajasthan and 7.2% from Other States.

RURAL-URBAN RATIO

12. The rural population, which was 47.24% of Delhi’s population in 1901 continued to decline to 7.27% in 1981, but increased to 10.07% in 1991. This reversal of the long term trend during 1981-1991 was due to mushrooming of unauthorised colonies in rural areas. Details are in table 3.14.

Statement 3.1
Rural-Urban Population



(Percentage)
Year Rural Urban
1901 47.24 52.76
1951 17.60 82.40
1981 7.27 92.73
1991 10.07 89.93

Table 3.1
DENSITY OF SELECTED CITIES - INDIA


Cities

Population (Lakhs)

Area (Sq. Km.)

1971 1981 1991 Rank 1971 1981 1991
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1. Greater Bombay 59.71 82.43 99.26 1 603 603 603
2. Calcutta 31.49 33.05
(41.27)@
44.00 4 104 104
(185)@
185
3. Madras 24.69 32.77 38.41 5 128 170 174
4. Delhi 40.66 62.20 94.21 2 1485 1483 1483
5. Banglore 33.66 49.48
(34.96)@
48.39 3 8003 8005
(2190)@
2190
6. Hyderabad 16.83 22.61 31.46 6 217 217 217


Sl. No. Cities

Density (Persons per Sq. Km.)

1971 1981 1991 Rank
1 2 3 4 5 6
1. Greater Bombay 9901 13671 16461 3
2. Calcutta 30276 31779
(22308)@
23783 1
3. Madras 19293 19274 22071 2
4. Delhi 2738 4194 6352 5
5. Banglore 421 618
(1596)@
2210 6
6. Hyderabad 7754 10419 14497
@ Area & population adjsted according to 1991 area of jurisdiction.
Source : General Population Tables of 1991 & 1981 Census, Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India.

Table 3.2
POPULATION ESTIMATES- Delhi & India

(Figures in Lakhs)


YEAR DELHI INDIA
1 2 3
1991# 94.21 8463.03
1992* 98.44 8631.98
1993* 102.86 8804.30
1994* 107.48 8980.07
1995* 112.32 9159.34
1996** 117.36 9342.18
1997** 122.82 9498.78
1998** 128.56 9656.07
1999** 134.18 9813.24
2000** 139.64 9969.44
2001** 143.66 10123.86
2002** 149.22 10276.07
2003** 154.83 10435.34
2004** 160.47 10600.24
2005** 166.08 10769.34
2006** 171.62 10941.26
2007** 177.23 11114.46
2008** 182.39 11285.71
2009** 187.08 11455.13
2010** 191.32 11622.83
2011** 195.07 11788.89
2012** 198.87 11950.35
2013** 202.24 12115.75
2014** 205.22 12285.06
2015** 207.82 12458.27
2016** 210.08 12635.43

# Census figure for March 91
* Estimates based on Annual Growth Rate of 4.493169315% between March 1991Census data and March 1996, Estimates released by Registrar General of India.
** Estimates released by Registrar General of India in August 1996.


Table 3.3
Annual Growth Rates – Delhi & INDIA


Census Annual GrowthRate
DELHI INDIA
1 2 3
1901 - -
1911 0.1962 0.56
1921 1.6712 -0.03
1931 2.6787 1.05
1941 3.7335 1.34
1951 6.6289 1.26
1961 4.3059 1.98
1971 4.3393 2.24
1981 4.3442 2.23
1991 4.2380 2.16


Census Population (Lakh) Decinnial
Growth Rate
Male Female Total Total
1 2 3 4 5 6
1901 2.18 1.88 4.06 -
1911 2.31 1.83 4.14 1.98
1921 2.82 2.07 4.89 18.03
1931 3.69 2.67 6.36 30.26
1941 5.35 3.83 9.18 44.27
1951 9.87 7.57 17.44 90.00
1961 14.90 11.69 26.59 52.44
1971 22.58 18.08 40.66 52.93
1981 34.40 27.80 62.20 53.00
1991 51.56 42.65 94.21 51.45
Source : Population Statistics, Dte. of Eco. & Stat., Govt. of NCT of Delhi.

Table 3.4
Delhi-Figures at a Glance
POPULATION CENSUS-1991,1981 & 1971


S.No. ITEM 1991 1981 1971
1 2 3 4 5
1. Area (Sq.Kms.)
Total 1483.00 1483.00 1485.00
Rural 797.66 891.10 891.20
Urban 685.34 591.90 593.80
2. Population (persons)
Total 9420644 6220406 4065698
Rural 949019 452206 418675
Urban 8471625 5768200 3647023
a) Males
Total 5155512 3440081 2257515
Rural 525056 249833 229424
Urban 4630456 3190248 2028091
b) Females
Total 4265132 2780325 1808183
Rural 423963 202373 189251
Urban 3841169 2577952 1618932
3. Growth Rate
a) Decennial (%)
Total 51.45 53.00 52.93
Rural 109.86 8.01 39.93
Urban 46.87 58.16 54.57
b) Annual (%)
Total 4.24 4.34 4.34
Rural 7.69 7.73 3.41
Urban 3.92 4.69 4.45
c) Absolute (Persons)
Total 3200238 2154708 1407086
Rural 496813 33531 119471
Urban 2703425 2121177 1287615
4. Density (Persons Per sq.Kms.)
Total 6352 4194 2738
Rural 1190 507 403
Urban 12361 9745 9119
5. Sex Ratio
Total 827 808 801
Rural 807 810 825
Urban 829 808 806
6. Literacy Rate(%)
Total 75.29 61.54 56.71
Rural 66.89 47.56 36.23
Urban 76.18 62.64 58.95
a) Males
Total 82.01 68.40 63.71
Rural 78.46 60.10 49.00
Urban 82.39 69.04 65.37
b) Females
Total 66.99 53.07 47.75
Rural 52.15 32.08 20.75
Urban 68.54 54.71 50.90
7. Residencial House
Total 1804529 1093065 664647
Rural 175851 68824 65289
Urban 1628678 1024241 599358
8. Households
Total 1877046 1211784 797740
Rural 177428 71922 68815
Urban 1699618 1139862 728925
9. Average Family Size
Total 5.06 5.69 6.12
Rural 5.90 6.57 6.41
Urban
(Persons per family)
4.99 5.63 6.08
10. SC Population
Total 1794836 1121643 635698
Rural 207709 104012 104999
Urban 1587127 1017631 530699
a) Males
Total 978690 618550 353020
Rural 113961 57086 57528
Urban 864729 561464 295492
b) Females
Total 816146 503093 282678
Rural 93748 46926 47471
Urban 722398 456167 235207
11. % of SC Population in total
Total 19.05 18.03 15.64
Rural 21.89 23.00 25.08
Urban 18.73 17.64 14.55
Source: General Population Tables, Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India.

Table 3.5
IMPORTANT INDICATORS, 1991 CENSUS - INDIA & STATES


Sl. No. India/States/
Union Territories
Number of Districts Area (in.00 sq.km) Population 1991 (Lakh) Decadal Growth Rate 1981-91 Sex
Ratio (females per 1000 males)
Litracy
(Percentage)
(@)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
India (*) 452 32872 8463.03 22.72 927 52.21
States
1. Andhra Pradesh 23 2751 665.08 24.20 927 44.09
2. Arunachal Pradesh 11 837 8.65 36.83 859 41.59
3. Assam 23 784 224. 14 24. 24 923 52.89
4. Bihar 42 1739 863.74 23.54 911 38.48
5. Goa 2 37 11.70 16.08 967 75.51
6. Gujarat 19 1960 413.10 21.19 934 61.29
7. Haryana 16 442 164.64 27.41 865 55.85
8. Himachal Pradesh 12 557 51.71 20.79 976 63.86
9. J & K 14 2222 77.19 N.A N.A N.A
10. Karnatka 20 1918 449.77 21.12 960 56.04
11. Kerala 14 389 290.99 14.32 1036 89.81
12. Madhya Pradesh 45 4434 661.81 26.84 931 44.20
13. Maharashtra 30 3077 789.37 25.73 934 64.87
14. Manipur 8 223 18.37 29.29 958 59.89
15. Meghalaya 5 224 17.75 32.86 955 49.10
16. Mizoram 3 211 6.90 39.70 921 82.27
17. Nagaland 7 166 12.10 56.08 886 61.65
18. Orissa 13 1557 316.60 20.06 971 49.09
19. Punjab 12 504 202.82 20.81 882 58.51
20. Rajasthan 27 3422 440.06 28.44 910 38.55
21. Sikkam 4 71 4.06 28.47 878 56.94
22. TamilNadu 21 1301 558.59 15.39 974 62.66
23. Tripura 3 105 27.57 34.30 945 60.44
24. UttarPradesh 63 2944 1391.12 25.48 879 41.60
25. WestBengal 17 888 680.78 24.73 917 57.70
Union Territories
1. A&N Islands 2 82 2.81 48.70 818 73.02
2. Chandigarh 1 1 6.42 42.16 790 77.02
3. D and N Haveli 1 5 1.38 33.57 952 40.71
4. Daman anmd Diu 2 1 1.02 28.62 969 71.20
5. Delhi 1 15 94.21 51.45 827 75.29
6. Lakshadweep 1 N 0.52 28.47 943 81.78
7. Pondicherry 4 5 8.08 33.64 979 74.74
(*) includes Jammu & Kashmir projected population where the 1991 Census was not conducted.
(@) Based on population aged 7 years and above.
N= negligible
Notes : 1. The growth rate for Assam has been calculated using the interpolated population estimate for 1981 based on 1971 and 1991 census figures, as the 1981 census was not conducted in Assam.
2. As a consequence of the revised estimates for Assam for the 1981 census, the total population of India as of 1981 as been estimated as 683329097 in place of 685184692.

Source : Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.


Table 3.6
POPULATION DENSITY - INDIA & STATES


Sl.
No.
India/States/
Union Territories

Density of Population Per Sq. Km.

1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
India (*) 77 82 81 90 103 117 142 177($) 216(+@) 267(*)(+)
States
1. Andhra Pradesh 69 78 78 88 99 113 131 158 195 242
2. Arunachal Pradesh -- -- -- -- - - 4 6 8 10
3. Assam 42 49 59 71 85 102 138 186 230(@) 286
4. Bihar 157 163 162 180 202 223 267 324 402 497
5. Goa 128 131.5 127 136 146 148 159 215 272 316
6. Gujarat 46 50 52 59 70 83 105 136 174 211
7. Haryana 105 94 96 103 119 128 172 227 292 372
8. Himachal Pradesh 35 34 35 37 41 43 51 62 77 93
9. Jammu & Kashmir NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 59(+) 76(*)(+)
10. Karnataka 68 71 70 76 85 101 123 153 194 235
11. Kerala 165 184 201 245 284 349 435 549 655 749
12. Madhya Pradesh 38 44 43 48 54 59 73 94 118 149
13. Maharashtra 63 70 68 78 87 104 129 164 204 257
14. Manipur 13 16 17 20 23 26 35 48 64 82
15. Meghalaya 15 18 19 21 25 27 34 45 60 79
16. Mizoram 04 04 5 6 7 9 13 16 23 33
17. Nagaland 06 09 10 11 11 13 22 31 47 73
18. Orissa 66 73 7 2 80 88 94 113 141 169 203
19. Punjab 150 134 142 159 191 182 221 269 333 403
20. Rajasthan 30 32 30 34 41 47 59 75 100 129
21. Sikkim 08 12 12 15 17 19 23 30 45 57
22. Tamil Nadu 148 161 166 180 202 232 259 317 372 429
23. Tripura 17 22 29 36 49 61 109 148 196 263
24. Uttar Pradesh 165 164 159 169 192 215 251 300 377 473
25. West Bengal 191 203 197 213 292 296 394 499 615 767
Union Territories
1. A & N Islands 3 3 3 4 4 4 8 14 23 34
2. Chandigarh 193 162 159 174 198 213 1052 2257 3961 5632
3. D & N Haveli 49 59 63 78 82 85 118 151 211 282
4. Daman & Diu 286 290 280 325 382 434 327 559 705 907
5. Delhi 274 279 329 429 619 1176 1793 2742 4194 6352
6. Lakshadweep 434 455 426 501 576 657 753 994 1258 1616
7. Pondicherry 501 523 496 526 579 645 750 959 1229 1642
($) While working out the density of India, Jammu & Kashmir has been excluded as comparable figure of area and population are not available for the State.
(@) The 1981 Census could not be held in Assam.For calculating the density for India and Assam, the population figures for 1981 for Assam as worked out by interpolation have been taken.
(+) For working out density of India, J&K, the entire area and population of those portions of J&K which are under illegal occupation of Pakistan and China have not been taken into account.
(*) The 1991 Census was not held in J&K. For calculating density of India and J&K, the population figures of 1991 for J&K as projeccted by standing committee of experts in population projections (October, 1989) have been taken.
Source: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

Table 3.7
SEX RATIO - DELHI & INDIA


Census Sex Ratio (Females per ‘000’ of Males)
Delhi India
1 2 3
1901 862 972
1911 793 964
1921 733 955
1931 722 950
1941 715 945
1951 768 946
1961 785 941
1971 801 930
1981 808 934
1991 827 927
Source: Table 2.2, Final Population Table, Series-1, Paper 2 of 1992, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

Table 3.8
DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION BY AGE -DELHI


(Total Number)
AGE GROUP

CENSUS YAR

1961 1971 1981 1991
1 2 3 4 5
0-14 1076131
(40.50)
1570880
(38.60)
2211159
(35.50)
3273482
(34.73)
15-19 241710
(9.10)
419455
(10.30)
655919
(10.50)
914871
(9.70)
20-24 271137
(10.20)
413523
(10.20)
713058
(11.50)
982866
(10.42)
25-29 249966
(9.40)
353015
(8.70)
607062
(9.0)
956788
(10.14)
30-34 202114
(7.60)
552531
(13.60)
838863
(13.50)
778413
(8.25)
35-44 288521
(10.90)
374392
(9.20)
569723
(9.20)
1145348
(12.15)
45-59 218200
(8.20)
206646
(5.10)
339314
(5.50)
886154
(9.50)
60 &
ABOVE
109977
(4.10)
174338
(4.30)
278862
(4.50)
482722
(5.11)
Note : Figures in brackets show percentage.
Source : Population Statistics 1991, Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Government of NCT of Delhi.

Table 3.9
NUMBER OF FAMILIES BY FAMILY SIZE - DELHI
1991 CENSUS


Sl. No. FAMILY SIZE NUMBER OF FAMILIES
TOTAL RURAL URBAN
1 2 3 4 5
1. 1-2 Persons
250092
(13.44)
19770
(1.06)
230322
(12.38)
2. 3-5 Persons 930712
(50.02)
72370
(3.89)
858342
(46.13)
3. 6-8 Persons 514821
(27.67)
52717
(2.83)
462104
(24.83)
4. 9 and more 165123
(8.87)
19063
(1.02)
146060
(7.85)
5. All Sizes 1860748
(100.00)
163920
(8.81)
1696828
(91.19)
6. Average Family Size 5.06 5.90 4.99
Note : Figures in brackets show percentage
Source : Population Statistics 1991, Dte. of Eco. & Stat., Govt. of NCT of Delhi.

Table 3.10
LITERACY RATES BY SEX - DELHI & INDIA


(In Percentage)
Census

Delhi

India

Persons Male Female Persons
1 2 3 4 5
1931 14.06 19.99 6.03 9.50
1941 25.01 31.99 15.25 16.10
1951 38.36 42.99 32.33 16.67
1961 52.75 60.75 42.55 24.02
1971 56.61 63.71 47.75 29.45
1981 61.54 68.40 53.07 36.17
1991 75.29 82.01 66.99 52.21
Source : Population Statistics, Dte. of Eco. & Stat., Govt. of NCT of Delhi.

Table 3.11
LITERACY RATE - INDIA & STATES


(In Percentage)
Sl. No. States/Union Territories 1991 1993 1994
Persons Male Female Persons Male Female Persons Male Female
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
India 52 64 39 56 68 43 57 69 44
States
1. Andhra Pradesh 44 55 33 47 58 36 47 58 36
2. Arunachal Pradesh 42 51 30 34 40 28 43 50 35
3. Assam 53 62 43 68 76 58 71 78 62
4. Bihar 39 53 23 45 59 29 43 57 26
5. Goa 76 84 67 82 89 76 75 86 65
6. Gujarat 61 73 49 60 70 49 64 76 51
7. Haryana 56 69 41 58 71 46 61 73 47
8. Himachal Pradesh 64 75 52 67 78 56 68 78 58
9. Jammu & Kashmir .. .. .. 62 75 47 63 75 51
10. Karnataka 56 67 44 55 64 45 57 67 46
11. Kerala 90 94 86 90 92 87 92 95 89
12. Madhya Pradesh 44 58 29 48 61 33 49 62 85
13. Maharashtra 65 77 52 68 79 56 68 79 56
14. Manipur 60 72 48 76 86 66 75 85 65
15. Meghalaya 49 53 45 73 78 68 67 72 61
16. Mizoram 82 86 79 92 94 91 90 92 88
17. Nagaland 62 68 55 84 89 77 85 91 77
18. Orissa 49 63 35 52 65 38 51 63 39
19. Punjab 58 66 50 63 70 55 62 68 55
20. Rajasthan 39 55 20 43 61 25 44 61 26
21. Sikkim 57 66 47 67 73 58 69 77 58
22. Tamil Nadu 63 74 51 65 76 54 67 78 55
23. Tripura 60 71 50 75 84 66 76 84 68
24. Uttar Pradesh 42 56 25 47 62 30 49 63 33
25. West Bengal 58 68 47 60 71 50 64 73 53
Union Territories
1. A & N Islands 73 79 66 79 85 72 80 86 74
2. Chandigarh 78 82 72 86 91 80 82 83 80
3. D & N Haveli 41 54 27 56 70 44 51 69 33
4. Daman and Diu 71 83 59 78 89 68 79 90 68
5. Delhi 75 82 67 79 84 72 77 83 71
6. Lakshadweep 82 90 73 81 84 78 86 93 80
7. Pond cherry 75 84 66 85 91 77 78 86 70
Notes: 1. Literacy rate is defined as the population of literates in the population aged 7 years and above.
2. The 1991 data refers to Census to India (notified in Jammu & Kashmir) while those for the years 1993 and 1994 relate to National Sample Survey 49th Round Jan. – June, 1993) and 50th Round (July-1993 – June -1994) respectively.

Source : Statistical Abstract-1998, Central Statistical Organization, Govt. of India.

(In Percentage)

Sl. No. States/Union Territories

1995

1996

1997

Persons Male Female Persons Male Female Persons Male Female
1 2 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
India 58 69 46 59 70 47 62 73 50

States

1. Andhra Pradesh 49 60 37 51 61 41 54 64 43
2. Arunachal Pradesh 56 62 49 51 56 45 60 69 48
3. Assam 74 81 66 73 81 65 75 82 66
4. Bihar 44 59 28 44 58 29 49 62 34
5. Goa 82 89 77 84 92 77 86 93 79
6. Gujarat 64 77 50 66 77 52 68 80 57
7. Haryana 63 72 52 62 72 50 65 76 52
8. Himachal Pradesh 71 81 61 71 80 62 77 87 70
9. Jammu & Kashmir 66 77 53 58 70 45 59 71 48
10. Karnataka 59 67 51 57 67 47 58 66 50
11. Kerala 91 95 89 91 94 88 93 96 90
12. Madhya Pradesh 48 61 34 52 65 37 56 70 41
13. Maharashtra 73 83 62 72 82 61 74 84 63
14. Manipur 77 87 67 68 78 58 76 86 66
15. Meghalaya 83 90 76 80 84 76 77 79 74
16. Mizoram 90 92 88 85 87 82 95 96 95
17. Nagaland 88 93 83 83 87 79 84 91 77
18. Orissa 54 66 42 57 68 45 51 64 38
19. Punjab 62 68 54 66 73 58 67 72 62
20. Rajasthan 43 59 26 48 65 29 55 73 35
21. Sikkim 74 83 64 75 83 67 79 86 72
22. Tamil Nadu 65 76 54 66 76 56 70 80 60
23. Tripura 73 84 61 76 83 68 73 79 67
24. Uttar Pradesh 49 63 34 50 63 34 56 69 41
25. West Bengal 66 763 55 66 76 56 72 81 6

Union territories

1. A & N Islands 78 86 68 82 88 73 97 100 94
2. Chandigarh 84 92 73 82 87 77 83 90 74
3. D & N Haveli 61 75 46 70 78 62 49 66 30
4. Daman and Diu 79 85 72 65 76 50 86 95 73
5. Delhi 80 86 74 83 89 77 85 91 76
6. Lakshadweep 96 97 95 87 99 78 96 98 93
7. Pond cherry 90 96 86 77 85 68 90 94 86
Notes : Data for the year 1995, 1996 and 1997 relate to National Sample Survey Organisation 51st Round (July 1994-June 1995), 52nd Round (July 1995-June 1996) and 53rd Round (July-Dec. 1997) respectively.

Source : Statistical Abstract-1998, Central Statistical Organisation, Govt. of India.

Table 3.12
Birth Rates, Death Rates and Infant Mortality Rates - Delhi


(Per thousand population)
Year Birth
Rate
Death
Rate
Infant Mortality Rate
(per thousand live births)
1 2 3 4
1991 28.52 6.35 32.37
1992 27.76 6.27 32.96
1993 26.43 6.27 29.08
1994 24.77 6.44 29.55
1995 25.12 6.32 29.81
1996 24.93 6.70 30.13
1997 24.56 6.05 25.95
Source : Annual Report 1997 on Registration of Births & Deaths, Dte. of Eco. & Stat., Govt. of NCT of Delhi.

Table 3.13
ESTIMATES OF MIGRATION - DELHI


(In lakhs)
Year Population as on 1st July Increase in population over Previous Year Total Birth Total Death Natural increase (col.4 minus col. 5) Increase due to migration (col. 3 minus col. 6) Ratio (Natural V/s migration)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1991 95.60 3.89 2.72 0.61 2.11 1.78 1 : 0.84
1992 99.89 4.29 2.74 0.62 2.12 2.17 1 : 1.02
1993 104.38 4.49 2.70 0.64 2.06 2.43 1 : 1.18
1994 109.07 4.69 2.62 0.68 1.94 2.75 1 : 1.42
1995 113.97 4.90 2.75 0.69 2.06 2.84 1 : 1.38
1996 119.15 5.18 2.83 0.76 2.07 3.11 1 : 1.50
1997 124.70 5.55 2.89 0.71 2.18 3.37 1 : 1.55
Source: 1. Population–Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
2. Annual Report 1997 on Registration of Births & Deaths, Dte.of Eco. & Stat., Govt. of NCT of Delhi.

Table 3.14
RURAL - URBAN POPULATION RATIO - DELHI


Census

Population (Lakh)

Total Rural Urban
1 2 3 4
1901 4.06
(100.00)
1.92
(47.24)
2.14
(52.76)
1911 4.14
(100.00)
1.76
(42.51)
2.38
(57.49)
1921 4.89
(100.00)
1.84
(37.68)
3.05
(62.32)
1931 6.36
(100.00)
1.89
(29.27)
4.47
(70.33)
1941 9.18
(100.00)
2.22
(24.21)
6.96
(75.79)
1951 17.44
100.00)
3.07
(17.60)
14.37
(82.40)
1961 26.59
(100.00)
2.99
(11.25)
23.60
(88.75)
1971 40.66
(100.00)
4.19
(10.30)
36.47
(89.70)
1981 62.20
(100.00)
4.52
(7.27)
57.68
(92.73)
1991 94.21
(100.00)
9.49
(10.07)
84.72
(89.93)
Source : Table 2 of Final Population Tables, Series-1, Paper 2 of 1992, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.


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